After the 1918s, the Spanish flu pandemic, COVID-19 is the latest explosion that has triggered a global health emergency. The earlier crisis lasted for 2 years ending with infection statistics of 500 million people across the globe and death numbers of approximately 17.4 million.
To avoid this same kind of calamity, there have been extraordinary calls for school shutdown, employees working from home, social distancing, and mandatory lockdown to contain coronavirus infection.
There has been advice and guidelines on how to protect and stay safe. Practice hand wash frequently, cover your mouth while sneezing or coughing, and wear protective face masks in a public setting. If you feel sick maintain distance from your loved ones, wear a mask, and contact your doctor. Good quality face masks in bulk can be purchased online from customearthpromos.com at affordable prices.
Social distancing, work from home, lockdown and other restrictions have been successful in flattening the infection curve in the majority of states.
Now, many people are pondering how and when the shutdown will be ended, will the disease re-emerge before a vaccine is introduced. When will scientists know that COVID-19 no longer is a pandemic situation?
End of lockdown
When coronavirus exploded into a pandemic, the world health authorities had to mandatorily declare an emergency. It included mandatory orders to stay home and avoid traveling. Lockdown has started to stop the infection spread, so health officials are not aware of how they will lift the restrictions and allow people and businesses to get back to their normal life without any rebound risks.
Criteria to be fulfilled before lifting the lockdown
- Systems created to test & trace infection sources as well as support infected or exposed people.
- Systems designed to protect older and severely ill people from getting infected.
- Municipal and state leaders must make sure that the health systems and hospitals are capable to deal with sudden new infection surges.
- The capability to develop treatment plans [ease symptoms & help in recovery] suitable for fulfilling the public demand.
- Schools, childcare facilities, and businesses must strictly comply with the social distancing guidelines.
- The state must be able to detect when to re-enact lockdown orders.
Future outbreak risk
Even though the Spanish flu and COVID-19 are different, they share similarities in the way they get transmitted and how the immune system responds. Even though it is very early to recommend the same patterns can emerge, the experience with SARS in 2003, MERS in 2012, 15, & 18, as well as the Spanish flu, suggests that immunity change will play the main role whether coronavirus will rebound and at what level.
How to put an end to the COVID-19 pandemic?
Now, it is a known fact that the COVID-19 pandemic can be controlled with strict public health measures to prevent infection occurrence. COVID-19 pandemic can be stopped with successful vaccine development. There are policy challenges and COVID-19 has spread globally, so forcing and containing infection spread is impossible. The only way to stop it depends on vaccine development.
The vaccine will deliver immune system protection against coronavirus but the major challenge to develop a vaccine is the virus structure. Even if there is a global effort made, the vaccine is predicted to be available in 18 months before approval.
Instead of getting concerned about when the pandemic will come to an end or whether it will rebound, adhere to health guidelines. Protect yourself through good hygiene practice, getting annual flu shots, eating healthy and regular workouts to strengthen your immune system.