Most Effective Solutions for the HIV Tests


Where can an HIV test be performed? Where can I get expert information on HIV and AIDS? You can check in the counseling center for HIV and sexually transmitted diseases of the Institute of Public Health care. In the Counseling Center, all citizens are able to talk to a specialist doctor. A doctor’s referral or health card is not necessary to come to the counseling center.

When to do an HIV test to be completely sure of the accuracy of the results?

The antibodies we look for in the blood do not appear immediately after the infection. It takes 6 to 10 weeks for them to form in the body. This period of time from the moment the infection occurred to the appearance of specific antibodies is called the “window period”. During this period, the test result currently in use may be negative even if an infection exists.

Who should be tested?

Any person can check who wants to get an answer as to whether they are infected with HIV because they have had some form of risky behavior.

Is the entire testing procedure confidential?

The three most important rules provided in the counseling and testing process are: Voluntary, Confidential, and Anonymous. During the counseling, the client can talk openly about everything, ask questions, and talk about their dilemmas, fears and worries.

How is the test done?

A small blood sample is taken from a vein in the arm (from the bend of the elbow joint). No prior preparation of the patient is required to perform the test. A light meal can be taken before testing. Using the std test kit is also possible.

Who can get HIV?

Any person can become infected and ill, regardless of gender or race, if they have ever had some form of risky behavior in their life.

How is HIV transmitted?

HIV is transmitted through blood, semen, seminal fluid, vaginal secretions and breast milk. Therefore, infection can occur through unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person (vaginal, anal or oral), from mother to newborn (during pregnancy, during childbirth, breastfeeding), intravenous and intranasal (snorting) drug use.

How can you not get HIV?

HIV is not transmitted through normal social contacts, even when people live in the same house, attend school together, and work in the same workplace. It is not transmitted by shaking hands, kissing, through toilets, in swimming pools, insect bites, cutlery, in public transport, through the air.

How to protect yourself from infection?

Regular use of condoms during any type of sexual contact (vaginal, anal, oral) is suggested by the doctors. The condom also protects against other sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and hepatitis. People, who use drugs, if they cannot stop using drugs, should use only their accessories, common needles and syringes must not be used in any situation, as well as other equipment (straws, mummers, filters) that someone has previously used. Avoid sexual intercourse under the influence of drugs and alcohol.

Can a person being tested for HIV remain anonymous?

The possibility of anonymous HIV testing is one of the basic components of voluntary confidential counseling and HIV testing conducted at the HIV or AIDS Counseling Center. Each client can be tested under their own name, but also under a code of their choice.

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